Top 10 Heaviest Land Mammals on Earth: Creature Countdown – FreeSchool

You’re watching FreeSchool! This is a countdown of the 10 heaviest land
mammals on Earth. This is not a list of the ten heaviest mammals alive – those are all
whales – but these ten animals all tip the scales farther than any other animals that
walk, run, or jump. Number 10: the American Bison. The American Bison, often called the buffalo,
is a large species of hoofed mammal native to North America. Historically, they ranged
from Alaska to Mexico, from the Atlantic nearly to the Pacific, but overhunting in the 1800s
reduced their numbers to less than 1,000. Fortunately conservation efforts have increased
their numbers to nearly half a million. American Bison can weigh up to 2,200 lbs or
1,000 kilograms. Number 9: the Water Buffalo. Water buffalos are a domesticated bovine originally
native to Asia, now kept by humans in Asia, South America, and Southern Europe. They are
called ‘water buffalo’ because they like to wallow in water or mudholes, as well as eating
aquatic plants they find there. Water buffalos can weigh up to 2600 lbs or
1200 kilograms. Number 8: the black rhinoceros. Native to central and eastern Africa, the
black rhinoceros is critically endangered due to poaching for its horn. They are herbivores,
browsing on leafy plants, branches, bushes, and fruit, and despite their large size they
can move at speeds of up to 34 miles or 55 kilometers per hour when they run. Black rhinoceros can weigh up to 3100 lbs
or 1400 kilograms. Number 7: the Gaur. The largest bovine in the world, the gaur
is native to southeast asia. Gaur are the tallest species of wild cattle, due partially
to the distinctive ridge on their back. Both males and females have large, curving horns. Gaur can weigh up to 3,300 lbs or 1500 kilograms. Number 6: the giraffe. The world’s tallest living land animal, the
giraffe can grow up to 18 feet or 5.5 meters in height. They are herbivores, eating mostly
the leaves of tall trees that other animals cannot reach. There are nine different subspecies
of giraffe, which can be recognized by the differences in their spot pattern. Giraffes can weigh up to 4,250 lbs or 1900
kilograms. Number 5: the walrus. Walruses are marine mammals, which means that
they depend on the ocean to survive. They are easy to recognize by their tusks, which
they use to protect themselves from polar bears and orcas, as well as to help pull themselves
out of the water and onto the ice. Walruses have a thick layer of blubber, or fat, which
helps them stay warm in the icy waters where they live. A walrus can weigh up to 4,400 lbs or 2000
kilograms. Number 4: the hippopotamus. The name of this animal means ‘river horse.’
Hippos are semi-aquatic; even though they graze on land they spend much of the day cooling
off in mud or water. They may look chubby and cute, but hippos are one of the most dangerous
animals in Africa. Hippopotomus can weigh more than 4,400 lbs
or 2000 kilograms. Number 3: the white rhinoceros. The largest of all rhinoceros species, the
white rhinoceros is native to central and southern Africa. White rhinos have two horns,
made of keratin – the same material human hair and fingernails are made of – and unlike
other rhinoceros species, they eat almost exclusively grass. White rhinoceros can reach weights of more
than 7900 lbs or 3600 kilograms. Number 2: the Indian elephant Native to Asia, the Indian elephant can be
recognized by its small ears and by the fact that usually only the males have tusks. They
may eat 330lb or 150 kg of plants every day, anything from grass to flowers and bamboo.
Like most elephant species, the Indian elephant is endangered. Indian elephants can achieve weights of 11,000
lbs or 5,000 kilograms. Number 1: The african elephant. Found across much of Africa, the largest living
land animal – the african elephant – is an herbivore, consuming huge amounts of plants
and vegetation each day, up to 500lbs or 225kg. Unlike Asian elephants, both male and female
African elephants have tusks. Their ears are also much larger than the ears of the smaller
indian elephants, allowing more heat to escape from their huge bodies. African elephants can easily reach weights
of 12,000 lbs or 5400 kilograms. I hope you enjoyed learning about the heaviest
mammals on land, and stay tuned for more creature countdowns from FreeSchool!

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