Toyota Land Cruiser – Everything You Need to Know | Up to Speed


(crashing metal) – From the scorching plains of sub Saharan Africa, to the brutal cold of the Arctic Circle, this vehicle has driven everywhere on our green Earth. It’s a shining beacon of utilitarian belief in perfected practicality. So lower your tire pressure, lock up them diffs and put ‘er in low. It’s time to go off-road! This is everything you need to know to get up to speed on the Toyota Land Cruiser! (8-bit style music) And we’re goin’ on a field trip! (magical chiming) I’m at the Land Cruiser heritage museum in Salt Lake City, Utah, surrounded by the most
strategic collection of Land Cruisers in the world. In the world! With nearly every single
model represented, it is clear that the Land Cruiser is
one of the most diverse and influential vehicles in the entire history of the automobile. You ever heard of it? The Land Cruiser is Toyota’s longest running nameplate. Starting production in
1951 with the BJ model. It was a military vehicle produced in Japan for American use in the Korean War. After the armistice agreement in 1953, the “war” was “over,” but Toyota wanted to keep
making the BJ because it made ’em a lotta money. But they couldn’t just send a bare-bones war fighter out into the world and expect to sell big numbers, so Toyota gave the workhorse a redesign, with comfier seats and softer suspension. This “new model,” called the Model 20, encompassed both the gasoline-powered FJ20 and the diesel-powered BJ20. This Land Cruiser was extremely important to Toyota. In fact, it’s possible that without it, they might not be around today. That means No Supra! No MR2! No Hachiroku! Toyota had been building
cars in Japan since 1936, but weren’t selling them
outside of the country. After the war, Toyota
started looking abroad, but there was a problem. The biggest markets already had their own passenger cars. However, the FJ was just as good,
if not better than, America’s Jeep. So, what they did was
send the FJ and the BJ to oversea markets, then put their new
passenger car, the Crown, next to it. The reliability and capability of the Land Cruiser gave the Crown credibility. Within Toyota, this was called the Land Cruiser Strategy and Toyota implemented
it all over the world. Thanks to the Land
Cruiser, the Toyota lineup was seen as a credible option. Okay, quick time-out. I’m gonna be sayin’ a lot of numbers and
letters in this episode, and it might seem confusing, but it’s not. Here’s what they mean. The first letter is the engine. F means it has a straight
six gasoline engine, B is a four-cylinder diesel engine, and H means your Cruiser
has a six-cylinder diesel. J is Toyota-Talk for Land Cruiser. Most people say it stands for Jeep, but it’s never been officially confirmed by Toyota. The number after the J is the body style. 40 through 42 is short wheel based, 43, 44, and 46 are medium wheel based, 45s and 47s, are long wheel bases, both available in troopy and truck. So, when you hear someone say FJ44, that means it’s a six-cylinder gas Land
Cruiser, in the 40 series, with a medium wheelbase. See? Easy! 1960 saw the first refresh of the FJ line, the Model 40. Yeah, it looked pretty
similar to the Model 20, but the 40 was better in every way. Toyota had refined their
construction techniques, so the frame and body were stronger. The FJ40 also had a low range gear that made off-roading way easier. And, the Model 40 had
more horsepower, 125. You might be sayin, “Gee
whiz James, that doesn’t sound like a lot,” and, you’re right, but horsepower isn’t that important for off-roading, dum-dum. It’s all about the torque! The next FJ update was in 1967. The Model 55 FJ. It was basically a station
wagon for the Outback. Some versions had seating
for up to nine people. That’s more people than were in my eighth
grade graduating class! The Model 55 is probably
the funkiest looking of all of the Land Cruisers, earning the nickname Iron Pig. Because some people thought
it looked like a pig that was made out of metal. The Model 55 marked the
transition in thinking around utility vehicles. Yes, they can be used to
do work in remote places, but they can also carry people! Just like the pickup truck, people were starting to see that the Land Cruiser
wasn’t just meant for work. It was also meant for life. The paradigm shift was complete when Toyota dropped the Land Cruiser Model 60 in 1980. It was still the unstoppable off-roader people came to know and love, but now there was a luxury model. The GX had a moon-roof, powered mirrors, a more comfortable interior. Toyota knew that customers were shopping the Land Cruiser against the Land Rover, and that it needed to be better if they were going to compete. The most critical component was the Land Cruiser’s solid front axle. It’s a solid front axle. On heavy-duty vehicles,
the wheels are connected with a solid beam. This is stronger than
independent suspension, and perfect for hauling stuff around. The simple nature of solid axles made them more reliable. Which is exactly what you want when you’re out in the bush! There are less components to break, so if something goes
wrong, it’s easier to fix. Plus, a solid axle lets you get sweet flex, bro! However, solid axles
aren’t great for handling, and aren’t as comfortable on the road. To solve this, Toyota put softer springs
on the Land Cruiser, which allowed them even more flex! Which made them even better off road. Good job, Toyota. The Land Cruiser continued to modernize with the Model 70 released in 1984. Small adjustments were
made to make the now legendary off-roader even better. The body panels were
thickened by a millimeter to make them more durable. And the styling was updated for a more domesticated look. If the Model 60 in 1980
marked the Land Cruiser’s transition from utilitarian
focus to comfort, 1989’s Model 80 was a
full commitment to luxury. Toyota knew that most
people weren’t going to take the latest Cruiser off-road. That for most people in the U.S., the Land Cruiser was a family car. – ♪ And I can sing high ♪ – But the Land Cruiser didn’t mind, because it was still a bad “a” explorer. It didn’t matter if the Model 80 eventually got safer features, like anti-lock brakes and airbags, because in 1996, the Land Cruiser earned the ultimate in off-road credibility. The Dakar rally is one of the most demanding races on Earth. Spanning from Granada, Spain, to Dakar, Senegal. Navigating city streets, sand dunes, and some of the most treacherous terrain on Earth. Toyota entered two Model 80 Land Cruisers in the unmodified diesel class. That means they didn’t modify them. And guess what? They won! Toyota would return in 2001, and win again! And if that wasn’t enough, they won again in 2005. Oh, that’s still not enough? They came back in 2014 and won again! It goes without saying, but you can’t stop a Land Cruiser. In 1998, however, the 80 series was replaced by the Land Cruiser 100. By now, everyone knew that Land Cruiser was the best. We all knew this. It rode like a cloud over roads that were impassible to lesser vehicles. It could maneuver itself over the most unforgiving terrain, and it would not die. – Hashtag, invincible! – It is so reliable, as a durable four by four, that the United Nations
passed a resolution to use it as their
field vehicle of choice. Toyota made the best even better. They developed a new 32-valve V8 that made more horsepower, got better mileage, and reduced emissions. And while in some markets they released a 105 series that carried
over most of its guts from the 80 series, including solid front and rear axles, the 100 series that we got had quite a few game-changing bells and whistles. The front suspension was a double wishbone type
independent suspension, and the steering was now rack and pinion. This Land Cruiser was designed to feel
more like a passenger car than its heavy-duty, rough
and tumble predecessors. To further improve riding comfort and steering stability, it had hydraulic vehicle
height adjustment, and Toyota Electronic
Modulated Suspension, or, skyhook, TEMS. Which made it perform
better if for some reason you were driving on paved roads. In ’99 it got traction control, and in 2002 the Land Cruiser featured new technology that enabled drivers to see in the dark. Just like a cay-ett! Night view uses headlight projectors to emit near-infrared light then, a camera captures that reflected radiation, a computer processes it, and it projects a black and white image on the windshield. I’m serious! They made this! This is Bruce Wayne stuff! Though the Land Cruiser 100 continues to evolve on the path of luxury passenger car, there are still users overseas who must drive it off-road. To meet the needs of Australia, Africa, and other rugged environments, Toyota is still cranking out
the Land Cruiser 105 series. No matter how much it
takes on the aura of luxury the Land Cruiser is
never far from its roots as an off-road vehicle. The latest version is no different. The 200 series is one of the most capable off-roaders, let alone luxury off-roaders, that you can buy today. It is a beautiful monster. Introduced in 2007, the 200 series pioneered features like downhill assist control, off road anti-lock brakes, and CRAWL. All-caps! Which is basically cruise
control for the trail, using weird computer science it basically drives itself. Despite the openly luxurious appearance, the 200 series is still one of the best overland vehicles in the friggin’ world! From its start, the Land Cruiser dominated
the harsh landscapes of untouched countries, but the landscape has changed. Today, the Land Cruiser dominates the automotive landscape. Looking down from its lofty, luxury perch, as king of the mountain. And those harsh, unexplored environments? Well, it still dominates there, too. Hail to the king, baby. Thanks for watching Up To Speed, what’s your favorite off-road story? Share it in the comments below. I wanna say a huge thank you to Greg Miller and everyone at the Land Cruiser heritage museum for having us out and
letting us look around, this place is amazing, and if you’re in the Salt Lake area, you should definitely check it out! If you’re lucky, then he’ll be here, and you can learn a ton just like I did. Come here, take a picture, tag me and Jonah in it, and I’ll send you somethin’. Weird. Don’t forget to like, comment, subscribe, and share. I love you.

100 Replies to “Toyota Land Cruiser – Everything You Need to Know | Up to Speed

  1. I own a 2018 Toyota Land Cruiser 200 and I can say that it’s a beast with its 4.7 L v8 it can go anywhere, it’s also very luxurious with leather interior media players on the front seats and even massage chairs in the back

  2. From Dakar to everywhere in earth Land cruiser is killer and cheap but they say sorry jeep owner you're lose this race lol

  3. My dad and i got stuck in the snow. Just lock the differential and a whole lot of force is needed to stop that beast.

  4. There hasnt been a 105 sold new in Australia for a long time.. i think you mean the 70 series which can still be bought new in Australia and Africa.

  5. My dad has a "wimpy" inline 4 diesel Landcruiser Prado… We have yet to find something it can't do and do in comfort.

    I towed my mates old 500sl up a steep dirt driveway with no sweat whatsoever, they are amazing.

  6. I dont know if I fancy being in the US army driving a truck made in Japan in 1951! Step on the brakes and all that happens is msg light up on the dash " Thanks 4 the Nukes Dick!"

  7. The year 1980 was a big year for Japanese offroaders, new Nissan patrol and LandCruiser wagon.
    Also Toyota bring out the 300 series already

  8. Someone on the comments asked: The Pajero is missing…

    Well probably it got overheated whilst going to the donut media shoot.

  9. I own a 75 series with a 2H in it can't beat it solid and so reliable i live in cape York Australia a shit rig up here just doesn't last 👍

  10. For last four years I have been driving Land cruisers on daily basis. I drove so far above 50,000 km (i.e. more than driving around the entire globe) and never ever had any problem with Land-cruiser. Absolutely 0 breakdowns, not even a single flat tire. Although my both land cruisers were 8-10 years old. If there exist such a reliable car why someone should buy any other car.

  11. Landcruiser trip spares : fan belt , bit of fencing wire , shifting spanner , fuses.
    Land Rover trip spares : fan belt , fencing wire , alternator , starter motor , water pump , oil pump , brake line , wiring harness, auto electrician , diesel fitter , tow truck insurance.

  12. Fun Fact: In Saudi Arabia The Iconic Land Cruiser Pick Up Truck Is Called A شاص (Shas) And Is Absolutely Loved By Teenagers And Old Men If Not Everyone!

  13. Matching FJ Cruiser and HJ45 Land Cruiser together in CA on the trail this past spring. When a museum just won't do… https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FZMkCt83Ysc&t=85s

  14. IMO I would trust a 20 yr old Land Cruiser over a 5 yr old Land Rover. I just wish it wasn't so big. I'm hoping for a Rav4 TRD Pro. I would like something that can go off-road and yet not kill me in fuel on my daily commutes. BTW Toyota is also working on an offroader for the Moon… Yes, the f'n Moon.

  15. my second date with my now wife was just us going on a hike but to get there I had to do some off-roading. It wasn't terrible but I didn't plan well. Now, we are happily married!

  16. Land "CRUISER" named for destroy Land "ROVER". ( its true but there was a Respect for the "OFF-ROAD-KING" Land Rover bland from TOYOTA.)

  17. Hey dude in the video hi…
    Can you please do speed up to date on the mitsubishi Shogun/montero/pajero…
    Pretty please

  18. Something curious about the Model 70 land cruiser, that it still being produced on South America especially in Venezuela and it’s the most sold Toyota, 4×4 and vehicle in the entire country

  19. Great video my friend. Very entertaining full of energy.
    Makes me want to go and buy two. Thanks again.. nico

  20. Nice 1 buddy… I'm very in love with landcruiser… I hope one day i'll have one even 100 series is fine with me…

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